IOM Iraq encourages community inclusive approaches with a focus on community participation, involving communities in needs identification, decision making, planning, implementation, and evaluation of interventions.
This approach involves a collaborative and participatory planning process with key stakeholders to identify goals and desired outcomes. Community derived solutions based on the needs and realities within communities inform IOM programmes.
IOM ensures that local government authorities, civil society organizations and community-based organizations become more engaged, informed, and responsible for their own recovery. In this way, proactive partnerships enable IOM to invest in the resources that may already exist in communities affected by conflict and displacement.
IOM Iraq looks at resilience building, and community-based reintegration processes supported through participatory approaches that address barriers to returns, enhance access to basic services, and foster job creation. This in turn encourages community consultative methods that ensure accountability to affected populations.
Early Response Reintegration
Within select areas in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, IOM will support IDPs intending to return to their areas of origin. This support will include case management of potential returnees.
Community Resilience Grant
Small grants will be allocated to civil society organizations and community networks to implement activities that support socio-economic resilience building and community organization.
Community Social Enterprises
Community social enterprise grants will be distributed to ensure that economic recovery activities have a social impact. These grants will drive social objectives, as products and a percentage of profits from businesses supported are reinvested to respond to a community need and therefore go beyond individual employment or profit maximization for the business owners.
Government-Citizen Committees / Technical Consultation Boards
These committees will drive good governance principles of participatory planning and accountability to affected populations. In each location, the TCBs will be modeled as committees including government officials with decision making power, and representation from different sectors. The TCBs will work closely with community representatives – men and women – to develop participatory community plans. The plans will be developed following capacity building processes related to participatory planning, community organization and accountability to affected populations.
IOM will support the development of youth councils to provide a formal platform for youth engagement and contribution to community recovery and stabilization. These councils will be developed in coordination with municipalities and existing youth volunteer networks, and through formal partnerships with universities.
- CSO-Community resilience grants
- Community social enterprises
- Government-citizen committees acting as technical consultation boards to ensure participatory government planning and accountability to communities
- Community reintegration support and case management centres
- Youth councils to support youth empowerment and participation
- Internally Displaced Person
- Host Communities
BPRM, Government of Iraq (GoI), including the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA); Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), Ministry of Municipality; MOMD; Local NGOs; local councils; Provincial councils; Mayors; and Community networks.