Following the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant’s (ISIL) defeat in Iraq in 2017, IDPs began returning to their areas of origin. However, the level of damage and destruction to housing and infrastructure is high in many areas of high return. Critical obstacles to successful return and reintegration includes insecurity, and lack of employment opportunities or access to services. IDPs returning home to locations such as Anbar, Diyala, Kirkuk, Ninewa and Salah-al-Din have been identified as being particularly vulnerable.
As people return to their areas of origin, there is a need to support the improvement of conditions and provide people with information and resources to support them find sustainable solutions to displacement.
By establishing CRCs in areas of high return, the international community is supporting the GoI through partnership with the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Center (JCMC) in conflict-affected areas.
Support communities to identify, and access activities delivered at the CRCs or in the community.
Provide two-way information access and dissemination.
Support multi-sectoral coordination among humanitarian & recovery/stabilization actors and liaison with government.
Promot an area-based approach to displacement management.
The CRCs are a crucial component of supporting the return, reintegration and durable solutions. CRCs serve as coordination, information, and referral hubs where all community members (IDPs, returnees and host community) can receive information on available services, including in particular locations and areas of origin, and registration informa tion.
All community members, including returning IDPs and host community members.
CRCs are a government driven initiative led by the JCMC and six humanitarian partners - ACTED, DRC, IOM, NRC, TDH Lausanne and UNHCR.