In Iraq, many IDPs face protracted displacement and need vital, continued services in informal and formal settlements. New and secondary displacement is occurring - families are arriving in informal settlements, often due to poor services in camps or inability to continue staying with host families or rented accommodation. Families who stay in displacement tend to be some of the most vulnerable, including families who are unable, unwilling or experiencing barriers to return. This includes a high proportion of female-headed households and people with disabilities and other protection needs. While the security context is expected to continue to improve, there will be fluid movements from certain camp locations until people feel confident in a permanent return.
IOM Iraq promotes safe, dignified and livable conditions for displaced families and host communities in formal and informal settlements, continued humanitarian assistance is essential, including access to non-food items (NFI), shelter, mental health and psychosocial support, health care, information, and protection. In addition, displacement camps and other sites hosting IDPs require critical care and maintenance, to support people exposed to harsh climatic conditions.
In line with the 2019 Iraq Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), IOM is providing emergency humanitarian assistance, under the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Coordination and Common Support Services, and the Health, Shelter, and Non-Food Items (S-NFI), Protection, and Emergency Livelihoods Clusters. IOM maintains support to IDPs in emergency sites and camps, those in informal settlements and critical shelters, and supports durable solutions for displaced persons and returnees. Under the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Humanitarian Cluster System IOM will continue as the CCCM co‐coordinator, CCCM/Shelter Sub National Coordinator Center and South, and lead of the Returns Working Group (RWG).
UN Humanitarian Country Team (UNHCT), Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD) of the Government of Iraq (GoI), the Ministry of Planning (MoP), the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Center (JCMC) of GoI and the Joint Crisis Coordination Center (JCC) of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG).
IOM works closely with the Government of Iraq, the Kurdistan Regional Government, Governments of countries of destination, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in delivering key resettlement services such as case processing, health assessments, pre-departure cultural orientation, and movement assistance.