IOM Iraq collects and analyses data and information on population movements within Iraq and across borders, socioeconomic conditions in areas of return and displacement and conflict dynamics. These data and information are shared with the international community and the Iraqi government and inform IOM’s programmes and advocacy efforts on policy development.
IOM Iraq’s DTM is a critical tool that tracks processes and disseminates information on displacement and return movements across the country. DTM operates through Rapid Assessment and Response Teams (RARTs): 117 field staff who gather information through a network of over 9,500 Key Informants and visits to locations hosting IDPs and /or returnees.
IOM conducts comprehensive multi-sectoral community assessments at neighbourhood or village level, covering mixed returnee/IDP/ host communities. Assessments gather information on infrastructure and service provision, livelihoods, markets and income generation, and safety and security concerns. IOM also assesses structural and long-standing social dynamics and fragility at the micro-level, and protection concerns and conditions in displacement sites. Based on a November 2017 analysis, IOM developed a baseline of fragility at the micro-level in 350 sub-districts and combined it with existing data on 3,955 locations from IOM DTM’s Integrated Locations Assessment (ILA) to inform project sites.
IOM conducts research studies and surveys to inform programmes and policy, in partnership with academic institutions and other partners. These include:
- Demographic Survey in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq with the Kurdistan Region Statistical Office and UNFPA (2018);
- Longitudinal Study since 2016 on the achievement of durable solutions to internal displacement with Georgetown University (2017)
- The Role of Women in Peace and Security in Diyala (2017)
- Obstacles to Return in Retaken Areas of Iraq, 2017 (2017
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IOM’s displacement data is used for the planning of the Humanitarian Response Plan of the UN Humanitarian Country Team. Key partners in the Government of Iraq are the Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD), the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Center (JCMC) and the Central Statistics Office. In the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) IOM works with the Joint Crisis Coordination Center (JCC) and the Kurdistan Regional Statistics Office (KRSO) within the Ministry of Planning.