Publications

September, 30

Since the 1960s, housing, land and property (HLP) challenges faced by the people of Iraq have varied throughout different waves of conflict and displacements. These problems worsened during the period of conflict with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) between 2014 and 2017 when the widespread destruction, looting and illegal seizure and confiscation of housing was a key strategy employed by ISIL. This was a major factor leading to the displacement of around 6 million Iraqi Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).

 

September, 29

IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #14 covers the period between 1 - 31 July 2021.

August, 19

IOM Iraq, as chair of the Capacity Building and Human Resources Management committee under the National Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) Technical Working Group, has collaborated with working group members and government entities to develop these National Guidelines on Human Resources Profiles and Capacity Building. The guidelines aim to create a minimum-standards framework for the human resources recruited to lead MHPSS projects in Iraq, so that field teams can provide the best level of care to individuals and communities in need.

August, 17

IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #13 covers the period between 24 May and 30 June 2021.

July, 18

IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #12 covers the period between 26 April and 23 May 2021.

June, 01

IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #11 covers the period between 23 March  and 25 April 2021.

May, 20

In 2021, Iraq adopted the Yazidi [Female] Survivors Law – a landmark bill that outlines and stipulates for a host of reparation benefits for survivors of the ISIS conflict, particularly Yazidi women and girls who survived conflict-related sexual violence. However, specific details regarding the implementation of the programme remain largely unclear. Although some past initiatives have brought decision-makers, survivors, and civil society together, the reparation programme must also be sure to meet the particular demands of Yazidi refugees that are currently forcibly displaced outside the territory of Iraq due to fears of persecution and devastating consequences of the genocide.

April, 27

 

Suicide knows no boundaries. It happens among people of all ages and incomes, all ethnic and religious groups, and all parts of the world. Emotional consequences of suicide can be long lasting and take a heavy toll on those left behind. According to WHO suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15-29 years old; forming nearly one third of all suicides that occur globally.

April, 27

 

IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #10 covers the period between 23 February and 22 March 2021.

April, 08

Panel Study: Impact of COVID-19 on Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Iraq details the main findings of a joint International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Iraq, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and International Trade Center (ITC) panel study. The study followed 893 small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) throughout 2020 to measure the losses and investigate how firms are coping with the economic impact of COVID-19.

April, 01

 

IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #9 covers the period between 26 January and 22 February 2021.

March, 30

Persons with disabilities and the organisations that represent them are the best qualified to provide information on the challenges they experience. The disability movement slogan: “nothing about us, without us” which means that persons with disabilities and their representative organizations must be actively involved in any action that affects them. This new resource, Directory: Organization of persons with disabilities in Iraq 

March, 30

Iraq has one of the largest populations of persons with disabilities in the world. Despite this, there has been little consultation among persons with disabilities and their representative groups by government and humanitarian and development agencies. Persons with disabilities and their representative organisations in Iraq: Barriers, challenges and priorities

March, 29

In June 2020, IOM Iraq identified a need to strengthen its approach to addressing accessibility in IOM Iraq led construction projects. A draft IOM Iraq plan on strengthening accessibility of IOM build structures was developed in consultation with key staff from construction and shelter teams.

March, 08

Throughout 2019 and 2020, IOM’s MHPSS programme was active in eleven governorates across the country. All IOM services were tailored to the needs of the recipients depending on their phase of displacement and their location, in or out of camps, and in areas of return.

March, 04

IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #8 covers the period between 29 December 2020 and 25 January 2021.

This overview showcases IOM Iraq’s main achievements as part of the COVID-19 response, in line with the strategic priorities outlined in our COVID-19 Strategic Response Plan.

Please contact the Programme Support Unit at iraqpsu@iom.int for more information.

February, 28

IOM Iraq, the Returns Working Group, and Social Inquiry strive to build upon and complement previous assessments on durable solutions, mainly with regards to obstacles to return as well as progress toward local integration for IDPs. Home Again? Categorizing Obstacles to Returnee Reintegration in Iraq examines the prevalence of key obstacles for reintegration that returnee households face. It specifically focuses on the challenges faced by returnees towards their sustainable reintegration back home.

February, 17

 

To measure the losses and investigate how small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are coping with the economic impact of COVID-19, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Iraq, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the International Trade Center (ITC) launched a panel study surveying 893 enterprises across 15 governorates of Iraq.

January, 27

Iraqis living in Anbar Governorate experienced a myriad of atrocities during the occupation of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). Although ISIL has fallen, both returnees and others continue to suffer from the consequences of the conflict, including mental and psychological symptoms.

January, 26
IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #7 covers the period between 7 and 28 December 2020.
 
January, 24

IOM conducted an extensive review of data and literature relating to protracted displacement in Iraq, with the aim of providing an updated overview of the displacement context and a categorization framework highlighting the different types of barriers that IDPs face in returning to their area of origin. Its objective is to inform durable solutions strategy development and planning relating to the resolution of protracted displacement in Iraq. Protracted Displacement in Iraq: Revisiting Categories of Return Barriers follows the Categorizing Protracted Displacement in Iraq report, which was produced by and IOM, Social Inquiry and the Iraq Returns Working Group in November 2018.

January, 11

After the mass displacement caused by the ISIL crisis, returning community members in Iraq are subject to numerous stressors caused by various traumatic experiences including the experience of displacement, the struggle to preserve basic living conditions, and uncertainty about the future.

January, 06

 

The Cities as Home: Location Factsheets and Case Studies of Local Integration report provides a localised understanding of integration in the 15 urban locations in Iraq hosting a large share of out-of-camp IDPs.

December, 17

IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #6 covers the period between 10 November

November, 30

Movement restrictions and curfews to curb the spread of the COVID-19 virus initially had a severe impact on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Iraq. Despite the lessening of lockdowns across the country, SMEs continued to be affected negatively. To measure the losses and investigate how SMEs are coping with the economic impact as the pandemic continues, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Iraq, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the International Trade Center (ITC) launched a panel study following 893 enterprises representing 16 different sectors across 15 governorates of Iraq.

November, 30

 

Access to Durable Solutions Among IDPs in Iraq: Livelihoods and Economic Security in Displacement focuses on IDPs and returnees’ opportunities for livelihoods, and its effects on their ability to make ends meet.

November, 23
IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #5 covers the period between 23 October and 9 November 2020.
 
 
November, 13

IOM has implemented a longitudinal study on entitled “Access to Durable Solutions Among IDPs in Iraq” since 2015 in partnership with Georgetown University in order to understand how IDPs navigate their displacement and take steps to build lasting durable solutions. This study draws from the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) framework on Durable Solutions for IDPs, which lays a foundation for government and humanitarian actors to better address the self-identified needs of IDPs.

November, 01

IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #4 covers the period between 15 September and 12 October 2020.

October, 19

With the onset of COVID-19 in Iraq, cities face particularly high risk of virus transmission given their relatively dense populations. This is especially true for those urban locations hosting large shares of the remaining 1.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). The current situation thus makes it necessary to better understand the policy and regulatory landscape that surrounds IDPs in relation to the public health crisis, which may help or hinder their ability to pursue local integration as a durable solution to displacement.

October, 19

 

In order to contribute to the measurement of local integration of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Iraq, IOM Iraq, the Returns Working Group, and Social Inquiry implemented an in-depth study of 14 urban locations in the country hosting a high density of families displaced due to the ISIL conflict.

October, 08

 

The “Access to Durable Solutions Among IDPs in Iraq” panel study conducted by IOM Iraq and Georgetown University has yielded significant insight into the lived experiences of IDPs over time, the dynamics of Iraqi displacement and the changing perceptions of IDPs about their current situation as well as their aspirations for solutions.

September, 24
IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #3 covers the period between 18 August and 14 September 2020.
 
September, 23

Access to Durable Solutions Among IDPs in Iraq: Experiences of Female-Headed Households explores life in displacement of the subset IDP families in the “Access to Durable Solutions Among IDPs in Iraq” panel study conducted by IOM Iraq and Georgetown University.

September, 16

Measures taken to curb the spread of COVID-19 have led to reduced operating hours or the closure of many of Iraq’s small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Although restrictions, including curfews, school closures, and restrictions on travel into and within the country, eased after the first few months of the COVID-19 response, the economic impact of the pandemic is expected to be severe. To measure the losses and investigate how SMEs are coping with movement restrictions, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Iraq, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the International Trade Center (ITC) launched a panel study following 893 enterprises, focusing on 15 governorates and 16 sectors.

September, 14

In 2019 and 2020, Iraq’s migration policies were assessed according to the Migration Governance Indicators (MGI). The MGI is a standard set of 90 indicators that assist countries in assessing their migration policies and advance the conversation on what well‐governed migration might look like in practice. The resulting MGI profile summarizes the well‐developed areas of Iraq’s migration governance structures and highlights areas with potential for further development.

September, 01
 
 
IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #2 covers the period between 21 July and 17 August 2020.
 
August, 17

 

These step-by-step guidelines were designed to help IOM Iraq and implementing partners use the Washington Group Short Set of Questions on Disability (WGSSQ) to collect disability disaggregated data. This data will help inform planning and determine whether IOM Iraq programming is reaching and benefitting people with disabilities on an equal basis with others.

August, 16

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on the psychological and social wellbeing of individuals, which has been further exacerbated by movement limitations and physical distancing. These changes have caused a shift in the previously used Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) service delivery modalities, to reflect safety measures such as physical distancing and limitations in movement.

August, 01
IOM Iraq COVID-19 Response Overview #1 covers the period between 3 April and 20 July 2020.
 
July, 09

Iraq faces a multifaceted water crisis that impacts water supply and quality throughout the country. This crisis is expected to persist and may have implications at the humanitarian, economic, security and social levels (including population movements).

June, 11

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) have been heavily affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, due to the closures and reduced working hours recommended to curb the spread of the virus. To better understand the impact of COVID-19 on SMEs, IOM Iraq conducted a survey with 456 enterprises active in different sectors in urban areas of Iraq in April 2020.

May, 28

 

This report by IOM Iraq and Yale Law School’s Center for Global Legal Challenges compares survey findings evaluating civilians’ attitudes and behaviors towards providers of security and justice; their perceptions of the legitimacy of the Iraqi government; police officers’ attitudes and behaviors toward civilians; and the prevalence of crime and violence.

April, 09

This report by IOM Iraq and Yale Law School Center for Global Legal Challenges aims to shed light on the inter-related security and governance factors at play in three diverse communities in Iraq – Jubeil (Anbar), Hamdaniya (Ninewa) and Baradiyah (Basra) – as a way to contextualize and evaluate the effectiveness of community policing programming. This baseline study evaluates civilians’ attitudes and behaviors towards providers of security and justice; their perceptions of the legitimacy of the Iraqi government; police officers’ attitudes and behaviors toward civilians; and the prevalence of crime and violence.

March, 26

Managing return in Anbar: Community Responses to the Return of IDPs with Perceived Affiliation analyses the responses of Anbar communities directly affected by the ISIL conflict to the return of displaced community members with perceived affiliation.

February, 04

 

IOM recently completed the implementation of a 24-month project entitled “Supporting availability and access to specialized services for victims of trafficking and individuals at risk through the provision of basic assistance and technical support of first responders.”

January, 16

 

Access to Durable Solutions Among IDPs in Iraq: Experiences Applying to Compensation delves into self-reported levels of damage to housing and property among IDPs and sampled returnees and their experiences with the compensation process.

September, 13

Following the end of hostilities against ISIL, the return of 1.6 million Iraqis is threatened by the large presence of harsh conditions in areas of return. The work of Return and Recovery Unit within IOM Iraq supports the Government to improve conditions for sustainable recovery across 15 governorates and support a resolution to the displacement crisis in Iraq. Interventions include the rehabilitation of community infrastructure, livelihood assistance, and community engagement.

December, 26
This study by IOM Iraq, Returns Working Group (RWG), and Social Inquiry delves into the various issues and challenges that IDPs consider when assessing the affordability of return, and accordingly, the calculations they make when considering whether or not to remain in displacement. 
 
December, 17

 

Among many other priorities in the recovery of post-conflict Iraq, access to employment for the population in conflict-affected regions remains paramount. The ability of the population to earn a living wage impacts the recovery process and has a direct bearing on future stability.

November, 28

The IOM report “Rural Areas in Ninewa: Legacies of Conflict on Rural Economies and Communities in Sinjar and Ninewa Plains” assesses the effects of the ISIL crisis in the rural areas of Al-Hamdaniya, Tilkaif, Baashiqa, and Sinjar. Ninewa is one of the most diverse areas in Iraq in terms of the number and prevalence of minorities.

September, 09

IDPs who change location of displacement but do not return to their district of origin move to find jobs and secure livelihoods, supported by their family networks. They may visit their original homes, but the vast majority have not tried to live in them again. Some are “in process” returnees, meaning they have returned to areas very close to their original homes.

September, 05

IOM's Enterprise Development Fund-Innovation (EDF-i) grants will target the tech sector and allow for new and startup tech companies to receive training, mentorship, and capital for innovative ideas.

June, 24

 

International sanctions and cycles of conflict since 1990 and the subsequent security and economic consequences have pushed Iraqi women into more traditional roles inside the household and left them with limited viable economic opportunities.

May, 12

In 2018, the Returns Working Group (RWG) invested considerably in further supporting the Government of Iraq, UN and NGO/CSO partners in supporting sustainable returns. This was in response to the slowing rate of returns of IDPs to their areas of origin over 2018, when it was clear that further analysis and targeted solutions would be needed.

May, 08

 

A Market Assessment for Business Restart Activities

May, 06

In 2018, IOM’s community stabilisation programme underwent significant growth and development. The 2018 Overview presents significant results achieved in the project locations, along with analysis of stabilisation, social cohesion and MHPSS challenges experienced in the country.

April, 22

In November 2018, the International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Unit, the Returns Working Group (RWG), and Social Inquiry, with input and support from the Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MoMD) within the Federal Government of Iraq, published an in-depth analysis on “Reasons to Remain: Categorizing Protracted Displacement in Iraq”.

April, 18

In light of growing concerns over the positioning and sustainability of effective peacebuilding efforts in Iraq, this research explores the notion that within a post-conflict environment, there is an important social and political layer of everyday life, which is relatively unnoticed by the peacebuilding establishment engaged in reconciliation and social cohesion processes.

April, 18

Nearly five years since the start of the ISIL-conflict and over a year since its official end, 1.8 million Iraqis remain internally displaced, with almost half of them in displacement for more than three years.

April, 10

The following assessment analyses locations identified as affected by water scarcity as well as drought-induced displacement for four governorates in south Iraq: Missan, Muthanna, Thi-Qar and Basra.

April, 10

The following assessment analyses locations identified as affected by water scarcity as well as drought-induced displacement in five central governorates of Iraq: Qadissiya, Najaf, Babylon, Wassit and Kerbala.

March, 29

Five years after the onset of the ISIL crisis and the subsequent massive internal displacement, IOM Iraq is launching its funding appeal for emergency assistance in the amount of $41.4 US million. 

March, 27

This report focuses on the specific displacement and return dynamics of four ethno-religious groups in Iraq: Shabak Shia, Turkmen Shia, Christian and Yazidi; and identifies the socio-economic characteristics of returnee and IDP populations within these groups. 

February, 13

As more people return to their places of origin than remain displaced in Iraq, it is necessary to know the severity of conditions in the locations to which they are returning, how this changes over time, and finally, which locations have limited returns and why, to shape strategies for intervention and resource allocation.

February, 12

IOM Iraq, in partnership with Georgetown University (Washington DC, the United States), has been implementing a Longitudinal Study on Durable Solutions for IDPs in Iraq since 2015, to deepen the understanding of durable solutions to internal displacement.

January, 02

IOM, the UN Migration Agency, released the Integrated Location Assessment (ILA) III report. 

The Integrated Location Assessment – Round III provides an in-depth look into both displacement and return movements in Iraq, putting a special focus on profiling the locations these groups live in and the social dynamics they are immersed in.

December, 02

As more people return to their places of origin than remain displaced in Iraq, it is necessary to know the severity of conditions in the locations to which they are returning, how this changes over time, and finally, which locations have limited returns and why, to shape strategies for intervention and resource allocation. 

November, 20

As the ISIL conflict ceased across Iraq, conflict-affected areas in the country experienced an uptick in returns of their internally displaced populations. The pace of this return, however, appears to be slowing, leaving the populations who still remain behind either in, or at risk of, protracted internal displacement.

November, 08

The new “Iraq Displacement Crisis 2014-17” report contextualizes the population movements that occurred as a result of the ISIL crisis as a whole. The ISIL crisis is considered the worst displacement crisis in the recent history of Iraq, with 15% of the country’s population fleeing their homes.   

September, 13

Three decades ago, when the last population census was conducted in Iraq, the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) still had rapid population growth, with half of the population under the age of 15.  Today, KRI is about to enter the “demographic window” and a substantial decline in the fertility rates is moving the ...

July, 12

Since 2007, IOM has been contributing to the stabilization of Iraq by improving the resilience of communities and promoting social cohesion. IOM aims to achieve this through a comprehensive approach to return and recovery that encompasses five main outcome areas: 1. Increasing Human Capital 2. Promoting Good Governance 3. Improving Access to Social Services 4. Supporting Local Economies 5.

May, 02

The IOM Social Cohesion Programme aims to mitigate tension betweenIDPs, returnees and host community members, and to strengthen social cohesion within and among different communities. 

January, 31

IOM Iraq has been actively providing Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) services to vulnerable displaced persons. The Psychosocial Support and Social Cohesion Unit is currently implementing MHPSS programmes in 9 governorates of Iraq, adapting its services to the needs of people of concern, both in or out of camps.

January, 31

The Integrated Location Assessment – Round III completed from 6 March to 6 May 2018, provides an in-depth look into both displacement and return movements in Iraq, putting a special focus on profiling the locations these groups live in and the social dynamics they are immersed in.

August, 17

 

The purpose of this report is to provide a chronological analysis of the population movements - displacement and return - that have taken place since the beginning of the Mosul crisis to the end of June 2017.

July, 31

The Obstacles to Return in Retaken Areas of Iraq delves into the principal push and pull factors limiting the willingness of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) to return to their place of origin.

June, 21

This research, carried out in conjunction with the International Organization for Migration’s Community Revitalization Programme and Social Inquiry, provides an evidence-based analysis of social fragility at the micro-level in areas of protracted displacement and emerging returns in Iraq.

June, 05

This longitudinal study by IOM Iraq and Georgetown University identifies the ways in which displaced Iraqis experience displacement, adapt to their circumstances, and create durable solutions.

May, 28

The Integrated Location Assessment (ILA) is IOM Iraq’s first nationwide attempt to simultaneously analyse both displacement and return movements of conflict-affected people.

February, 23

“Rehabilitating, Repairing and Upgrading Critical Shelters and Damaged Houses” presents shelter guidelines and offers step-by-step guidance. The booklet is directed at the humanitarian aid community, displaced community members, and camp technical working committees.