The Panel Study IV: Impact of COVID-19 on Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Iraq
Movement restrictions and curfews imposed during the initial spread of the COVID-19 virus in Iraq had a severe impact on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Since the spring of 2020, restrictions have lessened overall, even in the face of several spikes in daily COVID-19 cases. Despite lower restrictions on movement and indoor activity, SMEs are still recovering from the beginning period of the pandemic.
The Panel Study IV: Impact of COVID-19 on Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Iraq factsheets compare SMEs’ employment, revenue, and debt levels as well as overall effects of COVID-19 on their businesses in June / July 2020 and one year after the first round of data collection, in June 2021.
The same 716 SMEs were surveyed four times: June / July 2020 (Round 1), September 2020 (Round 2), and December 2020 (Round 3), and June 2021 (Round 4). The firms represent 16 different sectors across 15 governorates of Iraq. This assessment was jointly designed by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Iraq, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the International Trade Centre (ITC), and funded by the European Union and the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
An upcoming report on the findings across all four rounds will be published in late August.