Understanding Ethno-Religious Groups in Iraq: Displacement and Return report
This report focuses on the specific displacement and return dynamics of four ethno-religious groups in Iraq: Shabak Shia, Turkmen Shia, Christian and Yazidi; and identifies the socio-economic characteristics of returnee and IDP populations within these groups. A face-to-face survey among 1605 IDPs and returnees was conducted in areas of displacement and return to obtain data for this study. The study broadens the general understanding of the main factors driving decisions to return or remain in displacement, including how housing, land and property issues impact decisions to return; explores whether IDPs and returnees have different perceptions of their own group and other groups in their areas of origin, and maps short and long-term intentions of IDP and returnee households. The study represents an important step in formulating targeted approaches to displacement challenges, pursuing durable solutions for IDPs, and ultimately mitigating the adverse effects of conflict on the cultural and demographic diversity of Iraq.