Labour Market Opportunities And Challenges
Following the end of hostilities against ISIL, the return of 1.6 million Iraqis is threatened by the large presence of harsh conditions in areas of return. The work of Return and Recovery Unit within IOM Iraq supports the Government to improve conditions for sustainable recovery across 15 governorates and support a resolution to the displacement crisis in Iraq. Interventions include the rehabilitation of community infrastructure, livelihood assistance, and community engagement.
IOM’s community engagement model has been refined through an interactive learning process and relies on stakeholder consultation throughout the design of sustainable livelihood activities. Recognizing that the private sector is an engine for growth, IOM works to create inclusive markets at the individual, community and institutional level.
To design market-led development interventions, and support partners with timely, accurate information on market conditions, a series of Labour Market Assessments (LMAs) were conducted in 24 locations in Iraq. The LMAs are based on individual interviews and focus group discussions. Survey tools included a mix of quantitative and qualitative exercises, conducted with key informants, jobseekers, youth, consumers, and employers.
IOM’s LMA data aggregated at a national level indicates that among surveyed respondents:
- Anbar, Baghdad and Ninewa businesses are the most likely to use debt-based payments
- Dohuk, Sulaymaniyah, and Erbil youth reported the highest perceived youth unemployment rates
- Agricultural businesses were most likely to report good demand
- Construction and textile industries are most likely to use word of mouth as a recruitment mechanism
- Employers in border governorates were significantly more likely to have good demand
- The metal sector and businesses with self-reported poor demand were most likely to use informal credit
With sub-offices across Iraq, jointly managed Community Resource Centres, and a presence within the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs sub-offices, IOM has a field presence that allows for a community-driven approach to recovery and development.
Please see below to view the published assessments: